Tomato Novice: a great variety for canning
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Tomato Newbie today is not a beginner, but a widely known and widely grown tomato variety. Its fruits are intended primarily for whole-fruit canning, but they are quite good when fresh. Due to its reliability and unpretentiousness, the Novice has not left the garden beds of both amateur vegetable growers and professional farmers for more than 30 years.
Description of tomato variety Beginner
Tomato Novichok was bred in Volgograd, at the State Breeding Station by domestic scientists N.I. Chulkov and L.N. Popova. The variety was entered into the State Register of the Russian Federation in 1986. The regions in which its cultivation is recommended refer to areas with a relatively warm climate:
- North Caucasian,
- Middle Volga,
- Far Eastern regions.
The official document recommends cultivating the Novice in unprotected soil, but in areas with a climate that is not very comfortable for tomatoes, it is also planted in greenhouses.
Tomato Novice has a very dense skin
Since the Novice gives its harvest quite amicably, and its fruits are very dense, the variety is suitable for mechanized harvesting. Therefore, it can be grown in large agricultural enterprises for the purposes of the canning industry.
The beginner belongs to the determinant varieties: the bush is compact, reaches a maximum height of 85 cm, but at the same time it is not a standard one. Therefore, despite the small height, small volume and medium branching, the plants have to be tied to supports. Novice leaves are usually green in color, medium in size. The first inflorescence and, accordingly, the fruit cluster is located above the 6th or 7th leaf, the next - every 1 or 2 leaves.
Each cluster contains an average of 5 tomatoes. In terms of ripening, the variety belongs to the medium early: the fruits are ready for harvesting in 114-127 days after germination. Tomatoes are oval in shape (the so-called cream), smooth, contain from 3 to 5 seed nests, covered with a very dense skin.
The classic Newbie is orange-red, but there is another variety - Newbie pink, later bred (in 2006) based on the traditional Newbie. In addition to these two varieties, there is a fairly new variety Novichok de Luxe, the fruits of which are cuboid and red in color, ripening a week later.
The fruits of the pink Novice differ from the red-fruited in appearance.
The fruits are relatively small, ideal for canning in standard glass jars: their weight is 70-100 g. The taste is not considered excellent: it is rated by tasters at 4.0-4.6 points, this applies to both fresh tomatoes and canned products. prepared from them. Tomatoes are used for salads, making juices, various preparations in general (salting, pickling, canning in their own juice). Fruit do not crack either on bushes or in jars.
Tomato Novice is ideal for canning in glass jars
The total yield of a tomato A beginner is rated above average: about 2 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from one bush, from 1 m2 with a tight fit - up to 14 kg. Since the bulk of the crop ripens at the same time, it is very convenient: harvesting can be mechanized. This is facilitated by the fact that the stalk is easily separated from the tomatoes, and in case of delay in harvesting, the fruits on the bushes do not overripe.
Partially harvested unripe tomatoes reach perfectly during storage, and the harvest is stored and transported perfectly.
The agricultural technology of the variety is simple: it is quite resistant to diseases, requires minimal pinching, but it is difficult to call it cold-resistant. Therefore, we can only conditionally recommend the Novice for growing in the Central region and colder climates. Of course, this can be done in greenhouses, but the small height of the bushes of this tomato will make this option not entirely profitable.
Advantages and disadvantages
Both red and pink Newbie have approximately the same range of advantages, the most important of which are:
- friendly return of the harvest;
- stable and reliable yield;
- easy-to-leave bushes, a small number of stepchildren;
- excellent transportability and long shelf life of fresh fruits;
- universality of appointment;
- unpretentiousness to growing conditions;
- disease resistance;
- minimal risk of overripening and no cracking.
Neither amateur gardeners nor specialists note the disadvantages of the variety.
True, some summer residents say that the harmony of the ripening of the crop is more likely not an advantage, but a disadvantage: they would like a more extended fruiting.
Tomato Novichok is a typical representative of determinant varieties, very simple in agricultural technology.
Landing terms and rules
You can get a tomato harvest Novice without growing seedlings only in the southernmost regions. To do this, seeds are sown to a depth of 2–2.5 cm directly into the holes located in a checkerboard pattern, providing for the presence of 1 m2 beds of 6-7 bushes. You can sow when the soil temperature reaches at least 15aboutC. This situation in such areas as the Astrakhan or the south of the Volgograd, may already develop in early May. By the beginning of autumn, it will be possible to harvest the harvest for harvesting.
In the south, even if they do not sow tomatoes directly into the holes, they often organize a planting bed, from which the bushes are then transplanted to a permanent place
Basically, the Novice, like almost all varieties of tomatoes, is grown through the preliminary preparation of seedlings. In those areas where the cultivation of this tomato is recommended, a safe transplantation of seedlings into unprotected soil is possible at the end of May, sometimes a little earlier. In this regard, the sowing of seeds is carried out around March 20, so that the finished seedlings have an age of about 2 months. In the middle lane, you can do it 7-10 days later.
Growing seedlings consists of the usual steps that are well known to any gardener:
- Seed preparation. It is better to choose the most full-bodied ones, which will help them bathing in a 3-5% solution of table salt (the unusable ones will not drown). After such calibration, the seeds are rinsed in water and disinfected by treatment with a dark solution of potassium permanganate for 20-30 minutes. Then, after rinsing in clean water, they are sent to the refrigerator for 2-3 days, wrapped in a wet cloth.
- Soil preparation. You can mix turf, peat and humus (a purchased mixture for tomato seedlings is also suitable). The soil is poured into a small box with a layer of 5–6 cm and, if there are doubts about its purity, 2-3 days before sowing, it is abundantly watered with a light solution of potassium permanganate.
- Sowing. The prepared seeds are sown to a depth of about 1.5 cm, 2.5–3 cm apart.
- Temperature regulation. When the first sprouts appear (at room temperature it will take 5-7 days to wait), immediately transfer the box to a cool, well-lit windowsill: the temperature is above 18aboutC and twilight are destructive for seedlings. Only after 4–5 days should the temperature be raised to room temperature.
- Watering. Seedlings are rarely and moderately moistened: dried land is less dangerous than swampy.
- Picking. When 1-3 true leaves appear, the seedlings dive - they are transplanted into a more spacious container at a distance of 6-7 cm from each other. If there is a lot of space in the house, you can immediately put it in separate pots, ideally - peat, medium-sized. When diving, slightly pinch the tip of the main root. In the case of high-quality soil, feeding the seedlings of the Novice is optional, but if growth has stopped, it is worth feeding with a diluted solution of any complex fertilizer (according to the instructions).
- Hardening. 1–1.5 weeks before planting in the garden, the seedlings are gradually taken out to the balcony and watered less. A beginner usually grows well in boxes, but the seedlings should not grow higher than 30 cm: the chunky it is and the thicker the stem, the better. This variety usually does not have time to give flower brushes in the conditions of living in an apartment.
Best of all, the seedlings grow in separate pots, but at the same time they take up too much space in the apartment.
The tomato garden should be lighted, sheltered from cold winds, and generously fertilized.
Algorithm for planting seedlings:
- Since autumn, humus and superphosphate are added for digging (1 m2 a bucket and 40-50 g, respectively), and in the spring a couple of handfuls of wood ash are poured under the loosening.
- Seedlings are planted in well-watered pre-dug holes. If it has grown compact - almost without deepening, but if it has overgrown - it is buried up to the cotyledonous leaves, possibly slightly obliquely.
- After planting, the soil is well watered and mulched with humus or just dry soil.
- During the first week, the plants are shaded from the scorching sun or sheltered from possible cold snaps.
- A beginner does not require trellises, but it is advisable to tie the bushes to the pegs. Therefore, until the roots have grown, you can immediately stick a peg 60–70 cm high (above the ground) near each bush.
As in the case of any tomatoes, the Beginner requires weeding with loosening of the soil, watering, rare dressings; the formation of a bush is necessary to a minimum.
Watering is carried out depending on the weather, but the tomatoes do not need extra water. It is best to water in the evenings when the water in the containers has warmed up. When watering, they try to irrigate the entire garden bed, but not pour too much on the leaves.
When watering tomatoes, you should try to get as little as possible on the leaves.
No matter how well the bed is filled with fertilizers, you will have to do several dressings. The first time - 2-3 weeks after disembarkation of seedlings, then 2-3 more times per season. Any fertilizer will do, but if all nutrients are needed at the beginning of summer, then starting from mid-July it is better to exclude nitrogen, limiting ourselves to superphosphate and wood ash.
Tomatoes also respond well to foliar dressing (spraying foliage with weak fertilizer solutions), especially if boric acid is added to the formulation (1 g per bucket).
A beginner can do without tying, but it is better to do this by tying the bushes to the pegs at least once immediately after flowering. Otherwise, the fruits will lie on the ground. A beginner is usually formed into 1 or 2 stems. The second stem is the strongest stepchild, most likely the lowest. The rest of the stepsons are trying to remove, however, this tomato has few of them and they are mainly located in the lower part of the bush. As the fruits ripen, a few leaves are also cut off: first of all, the yellow ones and those that cover the tomatoes from sunlight.
Amateur gardeners most often do not treat the Novice against pests and diseases, taking advantage of its increased resistance to them. Still, it should be admitted that prevention is highly desirable, at least with the use of harmless drugs. As such, they mainly use Fitosporin, Trichodermin and the like, adding a little boric acid or ordinary milk to the solution.
Video: the formation of a bush of determinant tomatoes
Features of planting and growing at home on the balcony
There are varieties of tomatoes specially designed for growing on the balcony, for example, Balcony Miracle, Balcony Bonsai or Pinocchio. A beginner is not included in this list, but some amateurs, taking advantage of the unpretentiousness of the variety and the compactness of the bush, plant it at home. The technique of planting and growing tomatoes on the balcony differs little from that in the garden, but they need to try to create natural conditions.
Growing seedlings is carried out in the same way as for ordinary beds, but, depending on where the balcony is located and whether it is glazed, sowing seeds can be done much earlier than usual. However, a glazed balcony on the south side can play a disservice: if the temperature rises significantly above 30aboutC, tomatoes feel bad, and when it approaches 40aboutC can shed flowers and die altogether. Therefore, with balcony growing, care is added to maintain an acceptable temperature by airing the mini-garden on time.
Balcony growing tomatoes is a cross between a hobby and a necessity, but some hobbyists get good results.
The finished seedlings are transplanted into any containers that are sufficient in size (ideally, each bush should have at least a bucket of good soil mixture). Transplanted seedlings for several days requiring adaptation are shaded from the bright rays of the sun. Further care - as in the open field. Of course, water is taken from the tap for irrigation, so it must first be defended, preferably at least a day.
All basic operations (loosening, feeding, pinching, etc.) are required, but artificial pollination can be added to them: insects rarely fly onto the balcony. Ovary, which is sprayed on bushes, can also help. We have to treat plants with Bordeaux liquid a couple of times a season: the risk of contracting diseases in an enclosed space is very high. In general, it should be said that only landless nature lovers have to deal with the cultivation of tomatoes on the balcony: it is much more convenient and reliable to do this in natural conditions.
Video: tomatoes on the balcony
Reviews of tomatoes of the Novichok variety
Tomato Novichok is a well-deserved and well-known variety that is respected and trusted by both professional vegetable growers and ordinary summer residents. It is not difficult to grow it, and the harvest will delight both lovers of fresh produce and housewives who harvest tomatoes for the winter. In jars, even plum fruits look very attractive.
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Tomato Novice: variety description, photos, reviews, characteristics, yield
Bred in 1986 by Russian breeders, the Novichok tomato quickly spread throughout the country and neighboring states. Gardeners appreciated the new variety, developed by the workers of the Volgograd breeding station, identified its main characteristics and have been successfully growing it in their summer cottages for more than 30 years.
Characteristics of the variety
Tomatoes Novice universal purpose, they can be grown both in open beds and in a greenhouse.
The bush belongs to the determinant type, i.e. has a limitation in the development of the central point of growth. It is interrupted by the emerging brush with fruits, and the new tip is shifted to the stepson growing from the previous leaf.
Ripening period is mid-early. With timely maintenance and prevention work, one bush gives about 3 kg of fruit.
Simultaneous tomato formation and high transportability rates make this variety suitable for industrial cultivation and mechanized harvesting.
Description of the bush
The bush is medium in size, not standard, spreading. The maximum height reaches 80 cm, it requires tying. For better plant development, it is optimal to leave the two strongest shoots, while removing the rest.
The culture is prone to forming stepchildren at the bottom of the bush. Harvesting begins 115 days after sowing.
The color of the leaves is green, typical for nightshades. The first ovary is formed between 6 and 7 of this leaf, and the next ones every 2.
In one brush, there are up to 7 ovaries, from which tomatoes are formed. This variety is characterized by almost no barren flowers.
Description of fruits
Novice tomatoes grow to the same size, ovoid, oblong. Their weight ranges from 80 to 110 g. The skin is dense, smooth, red or pink in color.There are 3 to 5 cameras. The pulp is fleshy and sweetish. Low in seeds.
Beautiful, neat-looking fruits have high commercial characteristics and tolerate transportation well. Thanks to the dense skin, they are stored for about a month. For winter preparations, they are used in conservation, pickles, preparations for first courses. Due to the structure of the pulp, they are suitable for drying. Do not overripe or crack.
Advantages and disadvantages
Based on the characteristics of the variety, the following advantages of the Novice tomato can be distinguished:
- undemanding to agricultural technology
- almost simultaneous fruit ripening
- resistance to temperature extremes and diseases
- successful cultivation both in the greenhouse and in the garden, which expands the geography of their distribution
- abundant yield indicators
- excellent transport portability
- resistance to ripening and high temperature cracking during cooking
- long-term storage and preservation of presentation
- the characteristics of the variety will be preserved with the independent harvesting of seed material.
The plant has no disadvantages. For many years of cultivation, they have not been found.
Variety Novice disease resistant
According to the description, the Novichok tomato shows high resistance to many diseases characteristic of the culture.
Subject to agricultural techniques and the correct formation of the bush, the probability of infection with fungal diseases is quite low.
For preventive treatment, the following drugs are used:
- dissolve 6 tablets of Trichopolum in 10 liters of water and add 1 tbsp of milk
- insist 1.5 tbsp of crushed garlic in 10 liters of water for a day, strain, add 2 g of potassium permanganate
- 1 liter of kefir diluted in 10 liters of water should be insisted for 24 hours and sprayed once a week 14 days after planting.
In damp and cool weather at the end of August, it is difficult to protect yourself from late blight. Infected plants are treated with a HOM solution: 40 g are dissolved in 10 liters of water, using 1.5 liters per 10 m.
The drug HOM is an abbreviation for the initial letters - copper oxychloride. There are also other drugs with a similar effect: oxyhom, polychom, Abiga-peak.
Cooked infusions and chemicals help to fight pests:
- aphids and ticks are expelled by infusion of garlic
- against Colorado beetles, spraying with a decoction of wormwood is used (0.5 kg of grass, 1 tbsp of ash, 1 tablespoon of soap, insist 5 hours in a bucket of hot water)
- slugs do not like the infusion of red pepper (boil 1 kg of chopped pepper in 10 liters of water, leave for 2 days, strain, and before use, dilute 1 tbsp of infusion in 10 liters of water and add 0.5 grated bar of laundry soap)
- The bear is chased away with the Thunder preparation, dropping granules around the perimeter of the garden or in places where insect holes are found.
The fruits are grown in the fields on an industrial scale, sold both fresh and as canned food. In the household, they are used fresh, dried, canned, in the form of pickles and preparations.
It is preferable to grow the variety using the seedling method.
Tomatoes of the Novichok variety tolerate growing outdoors in the climate of the southern regions of the country. In the Middle Strip and Siberia, planting in greenhouses will be optimal.
The period of sowing seeds is determined, focusing on the further place of growth of the culture.
If the plants are transplanted into a greenhouse, then the seeds are sown at the end of February, and with further planting of seedlings in open ground - at the beginning of March.
Tomato seeds Newbie can be purchased at the store, or you can prepare yourself by selecting the most suitable and beautiful fruit.
Before sowing, it is necessary to prepare the material.
- To select the highest quality seeds, they are soaked in 1 tbsp of water with the addition of 1 tsp. salt. This manipulation will allow you to quickly separate the empty seeds that remain on the surface. For sowing, use those that fell to the bottom. After discarding, rinse them with clean water.
- After that, soak the material for half an hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate to neutralize the spores of fungi and pathogens of other diseases.
- By adding a drop of Epin Extra or Zircon to 100 g of water and leaving the seeds in it for 8 hours, you can nourish them with useful substances and stimulate the uniform emergence of strong shoots.
- Fold them between layers of cheesecloth and leave to germinate. Moisten the surface periodically to avoid drying out.
- Hardening during germination will help future seedlings to more easily tolerate temperature changes after planting in a permanent place. For this, the saucer is placed in the refrigerator for 12 hours, and then for the same period of time in a warm place with a temperature of 22˚С. Repeat the procedure 2 times.
The process of hardening seeds of heat-loving crops, including tomato, should take at least a week in time, only then the result will be noticeable. Hardening is carried out with variable temperatures, acting on swollen (but not dry!) Seeds with heat and cold.
Tomatoes are watered only with warm water
The soil for sowing is prepared in the fall, mixing peat, humus, soil from the garden and a little sand in equal proportions. Before sowing seeds, it is watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
The diameter of the container must be at least 12 cm and have holes for excess moisture to escape.
The sowing process consists of the following points:
- evenly distribute and slightly compact the soil throughout the container
- on a moistened surface, lay out the germinated seeds in even rows, at a distance of 2 cm from each other
- pour a layer of soil 1 cm thick on top and spray with a spray bottle to moisten
- leave in a bright warm (23˚С) place until shoots appear, covered with glass
- water once every 5 days, periodically airing
- after the appearance of the second true leaf, the plants dive into separate containers.
A few days after the picking, the seedlings are fertilized with a urea solution, for the preparation of which 30 g of the substance is dissolved in 10 liters of water.
Transfer to a permanent place
When the seedlings are 2 months old, they are transplanted to a permanent place. With the subsequent cultivation of tomatoes in a greenhouse, the process is carried out at the end of May, and in the open field - at the beginning of June, when warm weather sets in without repeated frosts.
It is better to transplant in the evening or on a cloudy day. The wells are prepared at a distance of 50-70 cm from each other and 0.5 liters of humus are poured. After transplanting, the plants are watered and mulched.
How to care for tomatoes
When growing tomatoes in a greenhouse, foliar spraying on the leaf is not recommended, because high humidity can provoke an outbreak of fungal diseases.
Having planted seedlings in open ground, all care procedures are performed focusing on the ambient temperature.
In warm weather, the roots actively perceive moisture, fertilizers and medicines, and in cool weather, the perception of the green part of the plant is more active.
Hot weather also negatively affects the tomato, as well as low. At a temperature of +30 degrees and above, the pollen in the flowers becomes sterile and the formation of an ovary does not occur.
Already set fruits can crumble at high air temperatures, and in overheated soil the roots of tomato cease to assimilate a number of important microelements, which leads to their deficiency.
It is necessary to monitor the temperature in the greenhouse and ventilate it in a timely manner, and shade it in the hottest period of summer.
Tomato The beginner loves moderate humidity and should be watered abundantly once a week. Cold water negatively affects the development of the root system, so it is collected in a barrel and pre-heated in the sun.
At least 4-5 liters of water are added under each plant.
A bed for tomatoes is fertilized in the fall: 8-10 kg of humus or well-decomposed manure are applied per meter.
During the growing season, the culture is fed three times:
- 2 weeks after transplanting, the hardened plant is fed with organic fertilizer, for its preparation, 200 g of humus is poured in 10 liters of water and infused for 7 days, and then 1 liter of the resulting infusion is diluted in 10 liters of water, 0.5 liters are added for each plant
- during the flowering period, the tomato responds well to the introduction of a solution (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water) of Kemira Lux complex fertilizer (detailed description in the instructions)
- when tying fruits, the introduction of Kemira Lux of fertilizing is repeated.
Mulching and loosening
The soil in the beds must be periodically loosened
Tomato responds well to loosening the soil after watering and mulching the beds. Buckwheat husks, straw or sawdust are suitable as a covering material.
The last two species, in the process of decomposition, take nutrients from the soil, therefore, they are preliminarily mixed with ash and poured with a solution of urea (2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water).
The variety has two varieties: Novice Pink and Novice Deluxe. They were derived much later and have insignificant differences.
The pink subspecies is not suitable for pickles, and the De Luxe fruits have a slightly cubic shape and a more intense color, but in general these varieties are similar to each other. The yield is high, like that of their progenitor.
Tomato variety Novichok pink was registered in 2006. Recommended for open field cultivation. It differs from red only in the color of tomatoes. The rest of the characteristics are almost identical.
The fruits are tasty, fleshy. Excellent commercial properties. Suitable for fresh consumption and salads. Cracks during conservation.
Tomatoes Novichok Deluxe were registered by order of LLC "Agrofirma Gavrish" and LLC "Research Institute of Selection of Vegetable Crops" in 2011 and is an analogue of the variety.
It perfectly tolerates preservation and long-term storage. The description of the bush and fruit is identical to the variety, but the ripening period is 7 days longer.
Reviews of the tomato beginner
According to gardeners, the Novichok variety must necessarily grow on everyone's site: the tomatoes are bright, red - they will adorn any table. In addition to aesthetic features and excellent yield, high taste is also distinguished.
Caring for the plant is simple, and the small height of the bush makes it convenient. Cultivation will be within the power of even novice summer residents.
They note that tomatoes lend themselves well to heat treatment, while maintaining high taste indicators in homemade preparations for borscht and pickles. Due to the properties of the skin, they do not crack in the jar after conservation.